Advantages of Incineration as a Kind of Waste Management Incineration is the process of waste management that entails the combustion of organic waste. Incineration transforms the waste to heat, ash and flue gas. Over the years the procedure has become mostly used waste disposal mechanisms and is slowly replacing waste disposal through landfills. The heat generated by incineration can be tapped to generate power by use of WtE-Waste-to-energy technologies. This process is now prevalent in majority of municipal waste management. There are many benefits that can be obtained from incineration as a form of waste management as compared to other waste management means. Saves on Transportation costs Due to its safety, incineration plants can be situated near or in towns. In this case therefore, the price of having to transport the waste for many miles outside the town is eliminated. Waste control through landfills demands that the waste be transported to these sites and most of them are usually situated far off from the town which makes it rather pricey. However incineration cuts on such transportation costs and the money saved can be used to run other important projects.
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Incineration can burn approximately 90% of the waste generated in a specific area. This makes incineration the most reliable and harmless form of waste management. Other waste management means for example landfills facilitate just the decomposition of organic waste while leading to nonorganic waste piling. Occupies Less Space Incineration plants occupy a small space. Incineration reduces The quantity of initial waste to almost 10%. Incineration is especially important in urban cities where there is scarcity of land. Instead of landfills where people have to look for new zones each time one is complete, incineration websites are built only ones and can be used over and over again. Generation of Energy The heat generated during the incineration of waste may be Harnessed through the use of waste-to-energy technology to produce power. This energy can be used to accommodate for energy needs of these people living near. The energy produced is very clean and may be used to replace or reduce the use of fossil fuels hence saving on the emission of harmful gases to the environment. Not Affected by Weather Conditions Incinerators don’t have any favorable weather conditions. They are made in way that they are operated in whatever conditions that might prevail as opposed to landfills which might be affected during the rainy season as the waste transportation vehicles might get stuck. No Pollution The gases generated through incineration are not toxic to the environment. Additionally incineration does not contaminate groundwater as landfills do. In addition, it avoids environmental dangers which could be due to other waste management techniques such as deep sea dumping of waste that may destroy aqua life. Produces Odor Free Residue The bottom ash residue produced following incineration is proven to be non-hazardous and is odor free. The residue could be recycled and utilized as a construction aggregate.